This Act may be cited as the Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act, 1999.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
“air quality” means the concentration prescribed under or pursuant to this Act of a pollutant in the atmosphere at the point of measurement;
“ambient air” means the atmosphere surrounding the earth but does not include the atmosphere within a structure or within any underground space;
“analysis” means the testing or examination of any matter, substance or process for the purpose of determining its composition or qualities or its effect (whether physical, chemical or biological) on any segment of the environment or examination of emissions or recording of noise or sub-sonic vibrations to determine the level or other characteristics of the noise or sub-sonic vibration or its effect on any segments of the environment;
“Analyst” means an analyst appointed or designated under section 119;
“annual report on the state of the environment” means the report prepared and issued under section 9;
“Authority” means the National Environment Management Authority established under section 7;
“beneficial use” means a use of the environment or any element or segment of the environment that is conducive to public health, welfare or safety and which requires protection from the effects of wastes, discharges, emissions and deposits;
“benefited environment” means that environment which has benefited through the imposition of one or more obligations on the burdened land;
“biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, terrestrial ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, among species and of ecosystems;
“biological resources” include genetic resources organisms or parts thereof, populations, or any other biotic component or ecosystems with actual or potential use or value for humanity;
“burdened land” means any land upon which an environmental easement has been imposed;
“Cabinet Secretary” means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matter relating to environment and natural resources;
“chemical” means a chemical substance in any form whether by itself or in a mixture or preparation, whether manufactured or derived from nature and for the purposes of this Act includes industrial chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers and drugs;
“coastal zone” means the geomorphologic area where the land interacts with the sea comprising terrestrial and marine areas made up of biotic and abiotic components or systems coexisting and interacting with each other and with socio-economic activities;
“Complaints Committee” means the National Environmental Complaints Committee established under section 31;
“Continental Shelf” has the meaning assigned to it by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea;
“controlled area” means any area designated as such by the Cabinet Secretary under this Act;
“County Environment action plan” mean a County Environment action plan prepared under section 40;
“County Environment Committee” means a committee established under section 29;
“Deposit Bond” means a deposit bond paid under section 28;
“developer” means a person who is developing a project which is subject to an environmental impact assessment process under this Act;
“Director” means a Director appointed under section 10;
“Director-General” means the Director-General of the Authority appointed under section 10;
“District Environment Action Plan” deleted by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 2(1)(c);
“District Environment Committee” deleted by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 2(1)(b);
“ecosystem” means a dynamic complex of plant, animal, micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit;
“effluent” means gaseous waste, water or liquid or other fluid of domestic, agricultural, trade or industrial origin treated or untreated and discharged directly or indirectly into the aquatic environment;
“element” in relation to the environment mean any of the principal constituent parts of the environment including water, atmosphere, soil, vegetation, climate, sound, odour, aesthetics, fish and wildlife;
“environment” includes the physical factors of the surroundings of human beings including land, water, atmosphere, climate, sound, odour, taste, the biological factors of animals and plants and the social factor of aesthetics and includes both the natural and the built environment;
“environmental audit” means the systematic, documented, periodic and objective evaluation of how well environmental organisation, management and equipment are performing in conserving or preserving the environment;
“environmental easement” means an easement imposed under section 112;
“environmental education” includes the process of recognising values and clarifying concepts in order to develop skills and attitudes necessary to understand and appreciate the inter-relatedness among man, his culture and his biophysical surroundings;
“environmental impact assessment” means a systematic examination conducted to determine whether or not a programme, activity or project will have any adverse impacts on the environment;
“Environmental Inspector” means any environmental inspector appointed or designated under section 117;
“environmental management” includes the protection, conservation and sustainable use of the various elements or components of the environment;
“environmental monitoring” means the continuous or periodic determination of actual and potential effects of any activity or phenomenon on the environment whether short-term or long term;
“environmental organization” means a public benefits organization whose objective is to conserve the environment and natural resources and is duly registered as a community based organization, or a public benefits organization;
“environmental planning” means both long-term and short-term planning that takes into account environmental exigencies;
“environmental resources” includes the resources of the air, land, flora, fauna and water together with their aesthetical qualities;
“environmental restoration order” means an order issued under section 108;
“environmentally friendly” includes any phenomenon or activity that does not cause harm or degradation to the environment;
“ex-situ conservation” means conservation outside the natural ecosystem and habitat of the biological organism;
“exclusive economic zone” has the meaning assigned to it by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea;
“financial year” means the period of twelve months ending on the thirtieth June in every year;
“General Fund” means the General Fund established under section 20;
“genetic resources” means genetic material of actual or potential value;
“good environmental practice” means practice that is in accordance with the provisions of this Act or any other relevant law;
“hazardous substance” means any chemical, waste, gas, medicine, drug, plant, animal or microrganism which is likely to be injurious to human health or the environment;
“hazardous waste” means any waste which has been determined by the Authority to be hazardous waste or to belong to any other category of waste provided for in section 91;
“indigenous knowledge” means any traditional knowledge of sources, components, capabilities, practices and uses of, and processes of preparation, use and storage of plant and animal species and their genetic resources;
“in-situ conservation” means conservation within the natural ecosystem and habitat of the biological organism;
“intergenerational equity” means that the present generation should ensure that in exercising its rights to beneficial use of the environment the health, diversity and productivity of the environment is maintained or enhanced for the benefit of future generations;
“intragenerational equity” means that all people within the present generation have the right to benefit equally from the exploitation of the environment, and that they have an equal entitlement to a clean and healthy environment;
“lead agency” means any Government ministry, department, parastatal, state corporation or local authority, in which any law vests functions of control or management or any element of the environment or natural resources;
“local authority” deleted by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 2 (1)f);
“Ministry” means the Ministry for the time being responsible for matters relating to the environment;
“mixture containing oil” means a mixture of substances or liquids with such oil content as may be specified under this Act or, if such oil content is not specified, a mixture with an oil content of one hundred parts or more in one million parts of the mixture;
“National Council of Public benefit organizations” means the Council established by section 23 of the Public benefit organizations Co-ordination Act, 1990 (No. 19 of 1990);
“National Environment Action Plan” means the plan referred to in section 37;
“natural resources” has the meaning provided under Article 260 of the Constitution;
“natural resource agreements” means an agreement which involves the grant of a right or concession by or on behalf of any person, including the national government, to another person for the exploitation of any natural resource in Kenya;
“noise” means any undesirable sound that is intrinsically objectionable or that may cause adverse effects on human health or the environment;
“occupational air quality” means the concentration prescribed under or pursuant to this Act of a substance or energy in the atmosphere within a structure or under-ground space in which human activities take place;
“occupier” means a person in occupational or control of premises, and in relation to premises different parts of which are occupied by different persons, means the respective persons in occupation or control of each part;
“owner” in relation to any premises means—
in relation to any ship means the person registered as the owner of the ship or in the absence of registration, the person owning the ship; except that in the case of a ship owned by any country and operated by a company which in that country is registered as the ship’s operator, “owner” shall include such country and the master of the ship;
“ozone layer” means the layer of the atmospheric zone above the planetary boundary layer as defined in the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 1985;
“person” means a legal person;
“pollutant” includes any substance whether liquid, solid or gaseous which—
“polluter-pays principle” means that the cost of cleaning up any element of the environment damaged by pollution, compensating victims of pollution, cost of beneficial uses lost as a result of an act of pollution and other costs that are connected with or incidental to the foregoing, is to be paid or borne by the person convicted of pollution under this Act or any other applicable law;
“pollution” means any direct or indirect alteration of the physical, thermal, chemical, biological, or radio-active properties of any part of the environment by discharging, emitting, or depositing wastes so as to affect any beneficial use adversely, to cause a condition which is hazardous or potentially hazardous to public health, safety or welfare, or to animals, birds, wildlife, fish or aquatic life, or to plants or to cause contravention of any condition, limitation, or restriction which is subject to a licence under this Act;
“practicable” means reasonably practicable having regard, among other things, to local conditions and knowledge and the term “practicable means” includes the provision and the efficient maintenance of plants and the proper use thereof, and the supervision by or on behalf of the occupier of any process or operation;
“precautionary principle” is the principle that where there are threats of damage to the environment, whether serious or irreversible, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation;
“premises” include messages, buildings, lands, and hereditaments in every tenure and machinery, plant or vehicle used in connection with any trade carried on at any premises;
“project” includes any project, programme or policy that leads to projects which may have an impact on the environment;
“project report” means a summary statement of the likely environmental effects of a proposed development referred to in section 58;
“proponent” means a person proposing or executing a project, program or an undertaking specified in the Second Schedule;
“proprietary information” means information relating to any manufacturing process, trade secret, trade mark, copyright, patent or formula protected by law in Kenya or by any international treaty to which Kenya is a party;
“Provincial Director of Environment” means the Provincial Director of Environment appointed under section 16;
“Provincial Environment Committee” deleted by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 2(1)d);
“Public Department” deleted by Act No. 18 of 2018, Sch.;
“radiation” includes ionising radiation and any other radiation likely to have adverse effects on human health and the environment;
“regional development authority” means a regional development authority established by an Act of Parliament;
“regulations” mean regulations made under this Act;
“Restoration Fund” means the National Environment Restoration Fund established under section 25;
“segment” in relation to the environment means any portion or portions of the environment expressed in terms of volume, space, area, quantity, quality or time or any combination thereof;
“ship” includes every description of vessel or craft or floating structure;
“soil” includes earth, sand, rock, shales, minerals, vegetation, and the flora and fauna in the soil and derivatives thereof such as dust;
“standard” means the limits of discharge or emissions established under this Act or under regulations made pursuant to this Act or any other written law;
“strategic environmental assessment” means a formal and systematic process to analyse and address the environmental effects of policies, plans, programmes and other strategic initiatives;
“sustainable development” means development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs by maintaining the carrying capacity of the supporting ecosystems;
“sustainable use” means present use of the environment or natural resources which does not compromise the ability to use the same by future generations or degrade the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems;
“territorial waters” means territorial waters provided for under section 3 of the Maritime Zones Act (Cap. 371);
“trade” means any trade, business or undertaking whether originally carried on at fixed premises or at varying places which may result in the discharge of substances and energy and includes any activity prescribed to be a trade, business or undertaking for the purposes of this Act;
“traditional knowledge” means such knowledge as may be socially and culturally acquired within or without the context of conventional education by Kenyans;
“Tribunal” means the National Environment Tribunal established under section 125;
“Trust Fund” means the National Environment Trust Fund established under section 24;
“voluntary environmental management” means the principle of encouraging voluntary compliance in conserving the environment and which is a cost-effective and efficient method of attaining compliance with environmental regulations and of encouraging innovative conservation practices;
“waste” includes any matter prescribed to be waste and any matter whether liquid, solid, gaseous or radioactive, which is discharged, emitted or deposited in the environment in such volume, composition or manner likely to cause an alteration of the environment;
“water” includes drinking water, river, stream, water-course, reservoir, well, dam, canal, channel, lake swamp, open drain, or underground water;
“wetland” means areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres;
Entitlement to a clean and healthy environment
Access to information
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 5.
Functions of the Cabinet Secretary
The Cabinet Secretary shall—
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 7.
Establishment of the National Environment Management Authority
The headquarters of the Authority shall be in Nairobi but the Authority shall ensure its services are accessible in all parts of the Republic.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 8.]
Objects and functions of the Authority
Board of the Authority
Powers of the Authority
The Authority shall have all powers necessary for the proper performance of its functions under this Act and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, the Authority shall have powers to—
Powers in respect of lead agencies
Conduct of business and affairs of the Authority
Remuneration of Director-General and Directors
The Director-General and the Directors of the Authority shall be paid such salaries and allowances, as may, from time to time, be determined by the Board on the advice of the Salaries and Remuneration Commission.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 12.]
Delegation by the Authority
Subject to this Act, the Authority may, by resolution either generally or in any particular case, delegate to any committee of the Authority or to any member, officer, employee or agent of the Authority, the exercise of any of the powers or the performance of any of the functions or duties of the Authority under this Act.
Staff of the Authority
The Authority may appoint such officers or other staff of the Authority as are necessary for the proper discharge of its functions under this Act or any other written law, upon such terms and conditions of service as the Authority may determine.
The common seal of the Authority
The common seal of the authority shall be kept in such custody as the Authority may direct and shall not be used except on the order of the Authority.
Protection from personal liability
No matter or thing done by a member of the Authority or any officer, employee or agent of the Authority shall, if the matter or thing is done bona fide for executing the functions, powers or duties of the Authority, render the member, officer, employee or agent or any person acting on his directions personally liable to any action, claim or demand whatsoever.
Liability of the Authority for damages
The provisions of section 18 shall not relieve the Authority of the liability to pay compensation or damages to any person for any injury to him, his property or any of his interests caused by the exercise of the powers conferred on the Authority by this Act or by any other written law or by the failure, whether wholly or partially, or any works.
The financial year of the Authority shall be the period of twelve months ending on the thirteeth June in each year.
Accounts and audit
National Environment Trust Fund
National Environment Restoration Fund
Investment of funds and disposal of assets
Annual Financial Report
County Environment Committees
Functions of County Environment Committees
The County Environment Committees shall—
National Environmental Complaints Committee
Functions of the Complaints Committee
The functions of the Complaints Committee shall be—
Powers of the Complaints Committee
Proceedings of the Complaints Committee privileged
Disclosure of interest
Remuneration and other expenses of the Complaints Committee
National Environment Action Plan
Provisions of the National Environment Action Plan
The national environment action plan shall—
Provincial Environment Action Plans
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 24.
County Environment Action Plan
Purpose of Environmental Action Plans
Monitoring compliance with Environmental Plans
Protection of rivers, lakes, seas and wet lands
Protection of traditional interests
Protection of hill tops, hill sides, mountain areas and forests
The Authority shall, in consultation with the relevant lead agencies, develop, issue and implement regulations, procedures, guidelines and measures for the sustainable use of hill sides, hill tops, mountain areas and forests and such regulations, guidelines, procedures and measures shall control the harvesting of forests and any natural resources located in or on a hill side, hill top or mountain area so as to protect water catchment areas, prevent soil erosion and regulate human settlement.
Identification of hilly and mountainous areas
Re-forestation and afforestation of hill tops, hill slopes and mountainous areas
Other measures for management of hill tops, hill sides and mountainous areas
Protection of forests
Conservation of energy and planting of trees or woodlots
Conservation of biological diversity
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the advice of the Authority, prescribe measures necessary to ensure the conservation of biological diversity in Kenya and in this respect the Authority shall—
Conservation of biological resources in situ
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the recommendation of the Authority, prescribe measures adequate to ensure the conservation of biological resources in situ and in this regard shall issue guidelines for—
Conservation of biological resources ex-situ
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the recommendation of the Authority—
Access to genetic resources of Kenya
Protection of environmentally significant areas
Protection of the coastal zone
Protection of the ozone layer
Guidelines on climate change
The Cabinet Secretary shall, in consultation with relevant lead agencies, issue guidelines and prescribe measures on climate change.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 40.]
Strategic Environmental Assessment
Application for an Environmental Impact Assessment Licence
Publication of Environmental Impact Assessment
Comments on Environmental Impact Assessment report by Lead Agencies
A lead agency shall, upon the written request of the Director-General, submit written comments on an environmental impact assessment study, evaluation and review report within thirty days from the date of the written request.
Technical Advisory Committee on Environmental Impact Assessment
The Authority may set up a technical advisory committee to advise it on environmental impact assessment related reports and the Director-General shall prescribe the terms of reference and rules of procedure for the technical advisory committee appointed hereunder.
Further Environmental Impact Assessment
The Authority may require any proponent of a project to carry out at his own expense further evaluation or environmental impact assessment study, review or submit additional information for the purposes of ensuring that the environmental impact assessment study, review or evaluation report is as accurate and exhaustive as possible.
Environmental Impact Licence
The Authority may, after being satisfied as to the adequacy of an environmental impact assessment study, evaluation or review report, issue an environmental impact assessment licence on such terms and conditions as may be appropriate and necessary to facilitate sustainable development and sound environmental management.
Submission of fresh Environmental Impact assessment report after Environmental Impact Assessment License issued
Transfer of Environmental Impact Assessment Licence
Protection in respect of an Environmental Impact Assessment Licence
Revocation, suspension or cancellation of Environmental Impact Assessment Licence
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 49.
Water quality standards.
Water pollution prohibition
Duty to supply plant information to the Authority
All owners or operators of irrigation project schemes, sewerage systems, industrial production workshops or any other undertaking which may discharge effluents or other pollutants shall within ninety days upon the coming into force of this Act or as may be demanded from time to time by the Authority, submit on demand, to the Authority accurate information about the quantity and quality of such effluent or other pollutant.
Effluents to be discharged only into sewerage system
Licence to discharge effluents
Cancellation of effluent discharge licence
Register of effluent discharge licences
The Authority shall maintain a register of all effluent discharge licences issued under this Act. The register shall be a public document and may be inspected at any reasonable hour by any person on the payment of the prescribed fee.
Air quality standards
Issue of emission licence
Emissions by motor vehicles and other conveyances
No owner or operator of a motor-vehicle, train, ship, aircraft or other similar conveyance shall—
Additional licensing procedures
The Authority may establish additional procedures for the application and grant of any licence under this Act and impose such conditions as it may deem appropriate.
Cancellation of emission licence
The Authority may, in writing, cancel any emission licence—
Register of emission of licences
The Authority shall maintain a register of all emission licences issued under this Act. The register shall be a public document and may be inspected at reasonable hours by any person on the payment of a prescribed fee.
Standards for waste
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the recommendation of the Authority—
Prohibition against dangerous handling and disposal of wastes
Application for waste licence
Licences for existing wastes disposal sites and plants
Any person who, at the commencement of this Act, owns or operates a waste disposal site or plant or generated hazardous waste, shall apply to the Authority for a licence under this part, within six months after the commencement of this Act.
Court orders to cease operation
Regulations of toxic and hazardous materials etc
Prohibition of discharge of hazardous substances, chemicals and materials or oil into the environment and spiller’s liability
Standards of pesticides and toxic substances
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the recommendation of the Authority—
Repealed by Act No. 17 of 2006, s. 117.
Repealed by Act No. 17 of 2006, s. 118.
Registration of pesticides and toxic substances
Offences relating to pesticides and toxic substances
Seizure of pesticides and toxic substances
Regulations regarding registration of pesticides and toxic substances
The Cabinet Secretary shall, in consultation with the relevant lead agencies, make regulations prescribing the contents of any application and the conditions for the registration of pesticides and toxic substances under this Act.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 2]
Standards for noise
The Cabinet Secretary shall, on the recommendation of the Authority—
Noise in excess of established standards prohibited
Subject to the provisions of the Civil Aviation Act (Cap. 394), any person who emits noise in excess of the noise emission standards established under this Part commits an offence.
Exemptions in respect of noise standards
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2007, s. 79.
Repealed by Act No. 5 of 2007, s. 80.
Standards for the control of noxious smells
The Authority shall, in accordance with the relevant lead agencies, establish—
Issue of Environmental Restoration Orders
Contents of environmental restoration orders
Reconsideration of environmental restoration order
Issue of environmental restoration order by a court
Environmental easements and environmental conservation orders
Application to court for environmental easement
Enforcement of environmental easements
Registration of environmental easements
Compensation for environmental easements
Appointment of Environmental Inspectors
Environmental Inspector’s powers to prosecute
Subject to the Constitution, section 29 of the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions Act and the directions and control of the Director of Public Prosecutions, an environmental inspector may, in any case in which he considers it desirable so to do—
Procedures for laboratories analysis of samples
Certificate of analysis and its effect
Records to be kept
Transmission of records to the Authority
The records kept under section 121 shall be transmitted annually to the Authority or its designated representative to be received not later than one month after the end of each calendar year. The Authority shall keep all records transmitted hereunder and may maintain their confidentiality if the applicable circumstances so require.
Public Access to records transmitted to the Authority
Conventions, agreements and treaties on environment
Transactions requiring Parliamentary ratification
Establishment of the National Environment Tribunal
Proceedings of the Tribunal
Awards of the Tribunal
Quorum for determination by Tribunal
Appeals to the Tribunal
Appeals to the Environment and Environment and Land Court
Power to appoint Environment Assessors
The Chairperson of the Tribunal may appoint any persons with special skills or knowledge on environmental issues which are the subject matter of any proceedings or inquiry before the Tribunal to act as assessors in an advisory capacity in any case where it appears to the Tribunal that such special skills or knowledge are required for proper determination of the matter.
[Act. No. 5 of 2015, s. 2.]
Power to seek the directions of the Tribunal in complex matters, etc.
Remuneration of members of Tribunal
Staff of the Tribunal
There shall be such other staff of the Tribunal as may be necessary for the performance of its functions.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 71.]
Appointment of a Secretary to the Tribunal
The Cabinet Secretary shall appoint a public officer to be the secretary to the Tribunal who shall be paid such allowances as the Cabinet Secretary shall determine.
Powers to establish other Tribunals
Offences relating to inspection
Any person who—
commits an offence and shall, on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a term of not less than one year but not more than four years, or to a fine of not less than two million shillings but not more than four million shillings, or to both such fine and imprisonment.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 72.]
Offences relating to Environmental Impact Assessment
Any person who—
commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty four months or to a fine of not more than two million shillings or to both such imprisonment and fine.
Offences relating to records
Any person who—
commits an offence and is liable upon conviction to a fine of not less than one year but not more than four years, or to a fine of not less than two million shillings but not more than four million shillings, or to both such fine and imprisonment.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 73]
Offences relating to standards
Any person who—
commits an offence and shall be liable upon conviction, to a fine of not less than one year but not more than four years or to a fine of not less than two million shillings but not more than four million shillings, or to both such fine and imprisonment.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 74.]
Offences relating to hazardous wastes, materials, chemicals and radioactive substances
Any person who—
commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than one million shillings, or to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years, or to both.
Offences relating to pollution
Offences relating to Environmental restoration orders, orders of the Tribunal, easements, and conservation orders
Any person who contravenes against any provision of this Act or of regulations made thereunder for which no other penalty is specifically provided is liable, upon conviction, to imprisonment for a term of not less than one year but not more than four years, or to a fine of not less than two million shillings but not more than four million shillings, or to both such fine and imprisonment. or to both such fine and imprisonment.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 77.]
Offences by bodies corporate, Partnerships, Principals and Employers
Forfeiture, cancellation and other orders
Power to make regulations
A County may make legislation in respect of all such matters as are necessary or desirable that are required or permitted under the Constitution and this Act.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 78.]
Effect of existing laws
Any written law by the national and county governments relating to the management of the environment in force immediately before the commencement of this Act shall have effect, subject to such modifications as may be necessary to give effect to this Act, and where the provisions of such law are in conflict with any provisions of this Act, the provisions of this Act shall prevail.
[Act No. 5 of 2015, s. 79.]
Economic Planning and Development.
Law or Law Enforcement.
Research and Technology.
PROJECTS REQUIRING SUBMISSION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY REPORT
Representatives of the Government Ministries responsible for the followingmatters—
Economic Planning and Development;
Law and Law Enforcement;
Research and Technology;
Lands and settlement;
Representatives of the following institutions—
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology;
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute;
Kenya Bureau of Standards;
Kenya Forestry Research Institute;
Kenya Marine Research Institute;
Kenya Medical Research Institute;
Kenya Wildlife Service;
National Council of Sciences;
National Museums of Kenya;
University of Nairobi;
Radiation Protection Board;
Pesticides Products Control Board.